Heat Rate Optimization of Coal Power Plants (3.0 CEUs)

Daily Schedule:
8:00am - Registration and coffee (1st day only)
8:30am - Session begins
4:30pm - Adjournment
Breakfast, two refreshment breaks and lunch are provided daily.
This seminar provides detailed description of all the methods used to reduce the heat rate (increase the efficiency) of pulverized coal and circulating fluidized bed coal power plants. All the processes, operational and maintenance activities, capital projects, technical options, potential initiatives and incentives to implement upgrades/repairs for increasing the plant efficiency will be covered in detail. This seminar will also provide in-depth explanation of all the equipment and systems used in coal power plants. This includes, boilers, superheaters, reheaters, turbines, condensers, feedwater heaters, deaerators, pumps, compressors, fans, transformers, circuit breakers, electric generators, instrumentation and control systems, and governing systems, etc. All the factors which affect the power plant efficiency and emissions will be explained thoroughly. All the methods used to calculate the heat rate of the power plant will be covered in detail. All the areas in pulverized coal and circulating fluidized bed power plants where efficiency loss can occur will be explained. This seminar will also provide up-dated information in respect to the following methods used to improve the power plant heat rate:
  • Optimizing the Combustion Process and Sootblowing
  • Controlling the Steam Temperature
  • Recovering Moisture from Boiler Flue Gas
  • Performing Steam Turbine Maintenance
  • Lowering Condenser Back Pressure
  • Pre-drying High Moisture Coal and Reducing Stack Temperature
Who Should Attend
  • Engineers of all disciplines
  • Managers
  • Technicians
  • Maintenance personnel
  • Other technical individuals
Seminar Outcome
  • Calculating the Heat Rate of Coal Power Plants: Learn all the methods used to calculate the heat rate of coal power plants
  • Benefits of Lowering the Heat Rate of Coal Power Plants: Understand all the benefits of lowering the heat rate of coal power plants
  • Methods Used to Improve Coal Power Plants Heat Rate: Gain a thorough understanding of all the methods used to improve the heat rate of coal power plants.
  • Processes, Operational and Maintenance Activities: Discover all the processes, operational and maintenance activities used to improve the heat rate of coal power plants
  • Capital Projects Used to Improve the Heat Rate: Learn about all the capital projects used to improve the heat rate of coal power plants
  • Technical Options for Improving the Heat Rate: Understand all the technical options used to improve the heat rate of coal power plants
  • Potential Initiatives and Incentives to Implement Upgrades/Repairs for Improving the Heat Rate: Discover all the potential initiatives and incentives to implement upgrades/repairs for improving the heat rate of coal power plants
  • Factors Affecting Coal Power Plant Efficiency and Emissions: Learn about all the factors which affect coal power plants efficiency and emissions
  • Areas in Pulverized Coal and Circulating Fluidized Bed Power Plants where Efficiency Loss Can Occur: Discover all the areas in pulverized coal and circulating fluidized bed power plants where efficiency loss can occur
  • Optimize the Operation of Coal Power Plant Equipment and Systems to Improve the Plant Heat Rate: Understand all the techniques and methods used to optimize the operation of coal power plant equipment and systems to improve the plant heat rate
  • Coal Power Plant Equipment and Systems: Learn about various coal power plant equipment and systems including: boilers, superheaters, reheaters, steam turbines, governing systems, deaerators, feedwater heaters, coal-handling equipment, circuit breakers, transformers, generators and auxiliaries
Training Methodology
The instructor relies on a highly interactive training method to enhance the learning process. This method ensures that all the delegates gain a complete understanding of all the topics covered. The training environment is highly stimulating, challenging, and effective because the participants will learn by case studies which will allow them to apply the material taught to their own organization.
Special Feature
Each delegate will receive a digital copy of the following materials written by the instructor:
  1. Excerpt of the relevant chapters from the “POWER GENERATION HANDBOOK” second edition published by McGraw-Hill in 2012 (800 pages)
  2. Excerpt of the relevant chapters from the “POWER PLANT EQUIPMENT OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE GUIDE” published by McGraw-Hill in 2012 (800 pages)
  3. Excerpt of the relevant chapters from the “ELEACTRICAL EQUIPMENT HANDBOOK” published by McGraw-Hill in 2003 (600 pages)
  4. HEAT RATE OPTIMIZATION MANUAL (includes practical information about all the methods used to optimize the heat rate in coal power plants - 600 pages)

Philip Kiameh

Philip Kiameh, M.A.Sc., B.Eng., D.Eng., P.Eng. (Canada) has been a teacher at University of Toronto and Dalhousie University, Canada for more than 24 years. In addition, Prof Kiameh has taught courses and seminars to more than four thousand working engineers and professionals around the world, specifically Europe and North America. Prof Kiameh has been consistently ranked as "Excellent" or "Very Good" by the delegates who attended his seminars and lectures.
Prof Kiameh wrote 5 books for working engineers from which three have been published by McGraw-Hill, New York. Below is a list of the books authored by Prof Kiameh:
  1. Power Generation Handbook: Gas Turbines, Steam Power Plants, Co-generation, and Combined Cycles, second edition, (800 pages), McGraw-Hill, New York, October 2011.
  2. Electrical Equipment Handbook (600 pages), McGraw-Hill, New York, March 2003.
  3. Power Plant Equipment Operation and Maintenance Guide (800 pages), McGraw-Hill, New York, January 2012.
  4. Industrial Instrumentation and Modern Control Systems (400 pages), Custom Publishing, University of Toronto, University of Toronto Custom Publishing (1999).
  5. Industrial Equipment (600 pages), Custom Publishing, University of Toronto, University of Toronto, University of Toronto Custom Publishing (1999).
Prof. Kiameh has received the following awards:
  1. The first "Excellence in Teaching" award offered by the Professional Development Center at University of Toronto (May, 1996).
  2. The "Excellence in Teaching Award" in April 2007 offered by TUV Akademie (TUV Akademie is one of the largest Professional Development centre in world, it is based in Germany and the United Arab Emirates, and provides engineering training to engineers and managers across Europe and the Middle East).
  3. Awarded graduation “With Distinction” from Dalhousie University when completed Bachelor of Engineering degree (1983).
  4. Entrance Scholarship to University of Ottawa (1984).
  5. Natural Science and Engineering Research Counsel (NSERC) scholarship towards graduate studies – Master of Applied Science in Engineering (1984 – 1985).
Prof. Kiameh performed research on power generation equipment with Atomic Energy of Canada Limited at their Chalk River and Whiteshell Nuclear Research Laboratories. He also has more than 30 years of practical engineering experience with Ontario Power Generation (formerly, Ontario Hydro - the largest electric utility in North America).
While working at Ontario Hydro, Prof. Kiameh acted as a Training Manager, Engineering Supervisor, System Responsible Engineer and Design Engineer. During the period of time that Prof Kiameh worked as a Field Engineer and Design Engineer, he was responsible for the operation, maintenance, diagnostics, and testing of gas turbines, steam turbines, generators, motors, transformers, inverters, valves, pumps, compressors, instrumentation and control systems. Further, his responsibilities included designing, engineering, diagnosing equipment problems and recommending solutions to repair deficiencies and improve system performance, supervising engineers, setting up preventive maintenance programs, writing Operating and Design Manuals, and commissioning new equipment.
Later, Prof Kiameh worked as the manager of a section dedicated to providing training for the staff at the power stations. The training provided by Prof Kiameh covered in detail the various equipment and systems used in power stations.
Professor Philip Kiameh was awarded his Bachelor of Engineering Degree "with distinction" from Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. He also received a Master of Applied Science in Engineering (M.A.Sc.) from the University of Ottawa, Canada. He is also a member of the Association of Professional Engineers in the province of Ontario, Canada.
Day 1 – Steam Power Plants, Steam Generators, Steam Turbines, Steam
Turbine Auxiliaries
  • Review of Thermodynamics Principles
  • Steam Power Plants
  • Steam Generators
  • Steam Turbines
  • Reheaters
  • Condensers
  • Feedwater Heaters
  • Efficiency and Heat Rate
  • Supercritical Plants
  • The Fire-Tube Boiler
  • The Water-Tube Boiler
  • The Steam Drum
  • Superheaters and Reheaters
  • Once-Through Boilers
  • Economizers
  • Fans
  • The Stack
  • Steam Generator Control
  • Feedwater and Drum-Level Control
  • Steam-Pressure Control
  • Steam-Temperature Control
  • Mechanisms of Energy Conversion in a Steam Turbine
  • Turbine components
  • Rotating and Stationary blades
  • Thrust bearings
  • Labyrinth seals
  • Turbine controls
  • Testing of Turbine blades
  • Quality Assurance of Turbine Generator Components
  • Assembly and testing of turbine components
  • Turbine Types
  • Compound Turbines
  • Turbine Control Systems
  • Steam Turbine Maintenance
  • Steam Generators, Heat Exchangers, and Condensers
  • Power Station Performance Monitoring
  • The Turbine Governing Systems
  • Steam Chests and Valves
  • Turbine Protective Devices
  • Turbine Instrumentation
  • Lubrication Systems
  • Gland Sealing System
  • Frequently Asked Questions about Turbine-Generator Balancing, Vibration Analysis and Maintenance
  • Features Enhancing The Reliability and Maintainability of Steam Turbines
Day 2 – Coal Fired Power Plants Systems and Equipment, Factors Influencing Power Plant Efficiency and Emissions, Efficiency Standards and Monitoring, International Energy Agency (IEA) Recommendations for Improving the Heat Rate in Coal Power Plants
  • Major Components of Pulverized Coal and Circulating Fluidized Bed Power Plants
  • Pulverized Coal Fired Power Plant Performance
  • Circulating Fluidized Bed Power Plant Performance
  • Net Power Generation Capacity
  • Steam Cycle Heat Rate
  • Design Parameters that Affect the Steam Cycle Heat Rate
  • Boiler (Steam Generator) Efficiency
  • Coal Composition
  • Ultimate Analysis
  • Flue Gas Exit Temperature
  • Energy Content or Heating Value
  • Penalty for Stack Gas Reheat
  • Flue Gas Desulfurization (FGD) Systems
  • Power Consumption of the Auxiliary Equipment (Allowance for Auxiliaries)
  • Power Plant Availability
  • Average Load Factor
  • Annual Coal Consumption
  • Annual Ash and SO2 Generation
  • Coal Transportation, Unloading and Storage
  • Coal Storage and Reclamation
  • Environmental Issues Related with Coal Based Energy Conversion
  • Air Pollution
  • Sulfur Containing Compounds (SOx)
  • Nitrogen Containing Compounds (NOx)
  • Carbon Monoxide (CO) and Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
  • Particulate Matter
  • Environmental Control Systems
  • Control Technologies for SOx, NOx, and Particulates
  • Electrostatic Precipitators (ESP’s)
  • Ash and Flue Gas Desulfurization (FGD) Sludge Disposal Systems
  • Differences in Reported Efficiency Values
  • Energy and Efficiency Losses
  • Impact of Condenser-Operating Conditions on Efficiency
  • Heat and Power Equivalence
  • Efficiency Performance Assessment Periods
  • Efficiency Standards and Monitoring
  • Reporting Bases for Whole Plant efficiency
  • CO2 Emission Reporting
  • Generic Reconciliation Methodology
  • Efficiency Outlook for Power Generation from Coal
  • International Energy Agency (IEA) Recommendations for Improving the Heat
  • Rate in Coal Power Plants
Day 3 – Calculating Heat Rate, Benefits of Lowering Heat Rate, Heat Rate Improvement – Methodologies, Capital and Maintenance Projects, Steam Turbine Steam Path Modifications; Processes, Operational and Maintenance Activities Used to Increase the Plant Efficiency
  • Calculating Heat Rate
  • Benefits of Lowering Heat Rate
  • Efficiency of Power Plants and Power Plant Systems
  • Areas of a Pulverized Coal Plant where Efficiency Loss Can Occur
  • Areas of a Circulating Fluidized Bed Coal Plant where Efficiency Loss Can Occur
  • Assessing the Range and Applicability of Heat Rate Improvements
  • Heat Rate Improvement – Methodologies, Capital and Maintenance Projects
  • Heat Rate Improvement – Common Recommendations
  • Plant Specific Recommendations
  • Potential Heat Rate Improvements
  • Quantified Benefits of Implementation of Recommendations
  • Fuel Savings and CO2 Benefits
  • Heat Rate Improvement – Fleetwide Assessment Case Study
  • Heat Rate Improvements – Issues and Perspectives
  • Flexible Operation, Cycle Alignment, Remote Monitoring Centers
  • Steam Turbine Steam Path Modifications
  • Heat Rate Improvement Program Guidelines
  • Realized and Projected Heat Rate Improvements
  • Efficiency Improvements to Reduce Greenhouse Gases (GHG)
  • Existing Coal-Fired Plants Efficiency Improvements
  • Key Technical Opportunities to Increase Thermal Efficiency
  • Processes for Increasing the Plant Efficiency
  • Operational and Maintenance Activities Used to Increase the Plant efficiency
  • Capital Projects Used to Increase the Plant Efficiency
  • Framework for Measuring and Sustaining Improvements
  • Technical Options to Increase Plant Efficiency
  • Accurate Definition and Standard for Measuring Efficiency in Real Time
  • Potential Initiatives for Increasing Plant efficiency
  • Incentives for Existing Fleet to Implement Upgrades/Repairs for Increasing Plant
  • Efficiency
  • Improve the Heat Rate by Optimizing the Combustion Process and Sootblowing
  • Improve the Heat Rate by Controlling the Steam Temperature
  • Improve the Heat Rate by Recovering Moisture from Boiler Flue Gas
  • Improve the Heat Rate by Performing Steam Turbine Maintenance
  • Improve the Heat Rate by Lowering Condenser Back Pressure
  • Improve the Heat Rate by Pre-drying High Moisture Coal and Reducing Stack Temperature
Day 4 –Transformers Types and Construction, Transformer’s Characteristics, Transformer’s Components, Testing and Maintenance, Synchronous Machines, Synchronous Generators,
Generator Components, Auxiliaries and Excitation, Generator Main Connections, Performance and Operation of Generators
  • Transformers, types and construction of transformers, impedance transformation through a transformer, analysis of circuits containing transformers, equivalent circuit in a transformer
  • Voltage regulation, transformer efficiency, transformer taps and voltage regulators, autotransformers, three-phase transformers, transformer ratings, inrush current, instrument transformers
  • Transformers’ characteristics, phase relationships, Star/Star connected transformer, basic materials, dielectrics, copper, iron, insulation, leakage reactance, core construction
  • Transformer windings, transpositions, continuously-transposed strip, impulse strength, thermal considerations, performance under short-circuit
  • Transformer components and maintenance, classification of transformers, dry transformers, oil-immersed transformers
  • Components of a power transformer, core, windings, nitrogen demand system, conservative tank with air cell, current transformers, bushings, tap changers, insulation
  • Types and features of insulation, reasons for deterioration, forces, cause of transformer failure
  • Transformer oil, testing transformer oil, causes of deterioration, neutralization number test, interfacial tension test, Myers index number, transformer oil classification system, methods of dealing with bad oil, gas-in-oil
  • Gas relay and collection systems, relief devices, interconnection with the grid
  • Synchronous machines, physical description, synchronous machine windings, field excitation, torque tests, excitation of a synchronous machine, machine losses
  • Synchronous generators, construction, synchronous generator operating alone, parallel operation of ac generators, synchronous generator ratings, synchronous generator capability curves
  • Generator components, auxiliaries and excitation, the rotor, the stator, cooling systems, shaft seals and seal oil systems, excitation, the voltage regulator, the power system stabilizer, characteristics of generator exciter power systems (GEP), generator operation,
  • Generator main connections, isolated phase bus bar circulatory currents, system description
  • Generator systems, condition monitoring, operation limitations, fault conditions
Day 5 – Generator Surveillance and Testing, Generator Inspection and Maintenance, Generator Rotor Reliability and Life Expectancy, Circuit Breakers, Fuses, Bearings and Lubrication, Used Oil Analysis, Vibration Analysis, Power Station Electrical Systems and Design Requirements, Power Station Protective Systems
  • Generator surveillance and testing, generator operational checks (surveillance and monitoring), generator diagnostic testing, insulation resistance and polarization index, dc hipot test, ac tests for stator windings, synchronous machine rotor windings, partial discharge tests, mechanical tests
  • Generator inspection and maintenance, on-load maintenance and monitoring, off-load maintenance, generator testing
  • Generator operational problems, and refurbishment options, typical generator operational problems
  • Generator rotor reliability and life expectancy, generator rotor refurbishment, generator rotor modifications, upgrades, and uprates
  • Circuit Breakers, circuit breaker rating, plain break type, magnetic blow-out type, oil circuit breakers, recent developments in Circuit Breakers, vacuum circuit breakers, sulphur Hexafluoride (SF6) Circuit Breakers, maintenance and inspection of circuit breakers
  • Fuses, Types of fuses, features of current limiting fuses, advantages of fuses over circuit breakers
  • Bearings and Lubrication, Types of bearings, ball and roller bearings, thrust bearings, lubrication, viscosity of lubricants, greases, VI improved oils
  • Used oil analysis, test description and significance, visual and sensory inspection, chemical and physical tests
  • Vibration analysis, resonance, vibration instrumentation, vibration analysis, vibration causes, vibration severity
  • Power station electrical systems, and design requirements, system requirements, electrical system description, system performance, unit start-up, synchronization, shutdown and power trip, power plant outages and faults, uninterruptible power supply systems, dc systems

TLNT reserves the right to cancel or change the date or location of its events. TLNT's responsibility will, under no circumstances, exceed the amount of the fee collected. TLNT is not responsible for the purchase of non-refundable travel arrangements or accommodations or the cancellation/change fees associated with cancelling them. Please call to confirm that the course is running before confirming travel arrangements and accommodations. Please click here for complete policies.

Education @ Your Desk. A Live Webinar Class means that you will attend the class via the web using your computer. There are scheduled breaks for coffee and lunch. You use a microphone, headset, or your phone and are able to interact with the instructor and other students while following notes while watching the presentation slides online just as you would in a live classroom. Notes are posted online. For an extra cost a hard copy can be requested.

The virtual classroom is becoming more and more popular, and we have a lot of experience teaching in this format. The only real difference between a live in-class and live via webinar is where you sit and what you look at. You can learn from the comfort of your own home or office. You pay less for the live webinar format than you would for the in-class format, and you do not have to travel to another city to attend the class. Please contact us at info@tlnt-training.com for Special Group & Corporate Rates for one or more participants.

We could offer any of our courses at a location of your choice and customized contents according to your needs, please contact us at : inhouse@tlnt-training.com or click here  to submit an online request.

PC-based attendees
OS: Windows XP, 2003 Server, Vista, 7, 8
Internet Explorer 7.0 or newer
Mozilla Firefox 4.0 or newer
Google Chrome 5.0 or newer

Macintosh based attendees
OS: Mac OS X 10.6 (Snow Leopard), 10.7 (Lion), 10.8 (Mountain Lion) or newer
Safari 3.0 or newer
Mozilla Firefox 4.0 or newer
Google Chrome 5.0 or newer

iPad 1 or newer, iPhone 3GS or newer, iPod Touch (3rd generation) or newer
OS: iOS 6 or newer

OS: Android 2.2 or higher

Course Materials

Each participant will receive a complete set of course notes and handouts that will serve as informative references.


Interested in this course?

Need a Government Grant?
Employment and Social Development Canada Grant

Jumpstart your training with the help of Talented Technology Training Canada (TTT-Canada) & the Canada Job Grant.

Seminars and Workshops offered within your organization anywhere in the world.

Offline Registration

To Register by fax, download and fill our registration form, then fax it to (888) 849-4871. Mail your cheque to our address.

If you have a question regarding this course, please click here to contact us.
Related Courses
CEUs Certificate

A certificate of completed Continuing Education Units (CEUs) will be granted at the end of this course. A fee is required for all complimentary webinars.

On-Site Training

This course can be customized and delivered on-site at your facility.

Stay on top of your profession development with useful articles and industry updates Subscribe